The Supreme Court of India’s current order to demolish five apartment complexes in Ernakulam district of Kerala for flouting Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) norms has raised critical questions concerning whether or not the flat proprietors or the builders were aware about such norms in the first location.

The SC issued the verdict to demolish those condo complexes placed in Marad within one month, following an attraction filed by way of the Kerala State Coastal Zone Management Authority (KSCZMA). Following the decision, numerous flat proprietors stated that they were unaware that their developers had violated the rules and that it’s been almost a decade considering the fact that they had been living in these buildings.

An SC bench comprising Justice Arun Mishra and Justice Navin Sinha brought that the state cannot endure the brunt of another flood resulting from illegal creation.



TNM got in contact with various attorneys and builders in an effort to find out the due diligence that should be taken into consideration earlier than shopping for assets or an apartment placed near a river, a lake or any waterbody for that depend.

Each city has a development regulation, that’s issued by the planning authority of that precise state or city. For instance, in Karnataka, there may be a making plans authority constituted via the Karnataka Town and Country Planning Act, however, in Bangalore city, it’s the Bangalore Development Authority (BDA) that problems numerous improvement policies. Similarly, in Chennai, there is the Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA) that has issued a master plan for the city.

And in Kerala as properly, there are various bodies inclusive of the Greater Cochin Development Authority (GCDA) for Kochi and the Thiruvananthapuram Development Authority (TRIDA) for the state capital. But being a coastal region, Kerala also has a separate Coastal Regulation Zone branch, the Kerala Coastal Zone Management Authority, which is in charge of production activities along with the water bodies.

Identify CRZ areas

As some distance as Kerala is involved, Ashkar Khader, a legal professional who specializes in environmental troubles, said that the basic venture that an individual can do earlier than shopping for belonging or a flat close to a waterbody is to check whether the region falls beneath the CRZ location.

Under the Environment Protection Act of 1986, the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) handed a notification for the regulation of activities within the coastal place. As in step with this notification, a coastal wind up to 500 meters from the High Tide Line (the maximum factor of the land in which the water’s surface touches) is known as the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ).

And according to a Coastal Zone Regulation notification in 1991, coastal stretches of seas, bays, creeks, rivers, and backwaters had been declared as Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) and that they had been categorized into four exclusive classes – CRZ I, CRZ II, CRZ III, CRZ IV – which segregate the land in line with their ecological sensitivity.

“An easy way to discover CRZ regions is to refer to the CRZ map, that is published by using the Kerala Coastal Zone Management Authority (KCZMA). Through the map, one also can check, below which class of the CRZ does a sure landfall underneath,” said Ashkar.

Ashkar tells TNM that any other manner to perceive the distance as much as which CRZ is relevant relies upon on the volume of tidal have an effect on. According to the Coastal Zone Management Plan of the Kerala Government, the distance up to which the tidal have an effect on is skilled is depending on the salt concentration: if it’s far five debris according to million (ppm) or extra (at some stage in the driest month), the waterbody is considered to be motivated via tidal action.

Ask for building allow

Buyers have to test whether the location, in which the undertaking has been proposed, falls in a Poramboke land (land that belongs to the authorities). Ashkar explains that the client can get entry to this information by means of checking the records within the village workplace.

“When we buy a flat, we, generally, do not appear beyond the title deed. And in particular, if it’s a big assignment, we have a tendency to go in advance with the assumption that everything is so as,” he said.

He says that the buyers need to also make certain that the developers have the building permit for the desired place. “The shoppers can ask the developers to reveal the overall area and confirm whether or not they have the building permit for so much place. They are obliged to expose the customers the documents they ask for,” he defined.

Be conscious, get felony recommendation

G Deepak Raj, a real-estate practitioner with a Bengaluru-based totally law company, Poovayya & Co. Explains that buyers can get right of entry to all records associated with shopping a flat, consisting of the CRZ maps and different legal facts, online.

“Buying an immovable belongings runs on a concept of cognizance of all the tactics. At a time while all the statistics are available at your fingertips, a purchaser desires to be aware of the details of the assets and the credentials of the vendor earlier than making any transaction,” Deepak tells TNM.

Deepak goes directly to the kingdom that it’s now not pretty much buying a property near a waterbody, but there are sure factors that the buyer ought to keep in mind. “There are some fundamental tests that the patron need to carry out, which includes the name test, the development and the extent of the improvement of the undertaking, and those have to be proven by using an able legal professional. Only after receiving clearance from the lawyer, should they proceed with the acquisition, as opposed to merely rely on the illustration of the developer,” he delivered.

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